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NYPD officers in riot gear enter Columbia University’s encampment as they evict a building that had been barricaded by pro-Palestinian student protesters in Los Angeles, United States on April 30, 2024. 

Shay Horse | Nurphoto | Getty Images

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Some college students protesting Israel’s war in Gaza have faced disciplinary action in recent weeks, with universities handing down suspensions and expulsions.

The consequences of these temporary or permanent bans from campus “may also involve financial setbacks,” said higher education expert Mark Kantrowitz. Depending on the college and disciplinary action taken, those can include the loss of scholarships, previously paid tuition and access to meal plans and even on-campus housing.

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“Students who are suspended do not get tuition refunds,” Kantrowitz said.

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More than 100 students have been suspended across the U.S. in recent weeks, according to a rough calculation from news reports by Kantrowitz. The real number is likely much higher, but a federal regulation curbs how much colleges can publicly disclose about student suspensions.

The protests emerged in response to Israel’s offensive in Gaza, which it launched after a Hamas attack on Oct. 7 that Israel says killed 1,200 people. Israel has killed over 34,000 people in Gaza in retaliation, including more than 14,000 children, according to local officials and the United Nations.

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Here’s what to know about the financial risks for suspended and expelled student protestors.

Students can lose housing and more

Pro-Palestine protesters locked arms after several demonstrators knocked fences down and opened the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) encampment back to student protesters during the demonstration. Rallies and protest camps persist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) campus as student demonstrators demand divestment from Israeli military ties. President Sally Kornbluth set a deadline for encampment removal by May 6, 2024, threatening suspension. 

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Vincent Ricci | Lightrocket | Getty Images

It’s devastating for students who are denied those basic services.

Martin Stolar

a lawyer in New York

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It’s uncertain whether or not suspended or expelled students will be refunded for any leftover money on their meal plans, he said.

“Some colleges issue a refund of leftover balances when a student is no longer at the college, whether due to graduation, expulsion or some other reason,” he said. “Some colleges roll over the credit balance to the next year. Other colleges do neither, so the student loses the balance.”

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Charges of disruption, vandalism

In recent weeks, students have often been disciplined on charges that they maintained unauthorized encampments that disrupt college life and infringe on the rights of their fellow students. Some students are facing allegations of vandalism and destruction of property.

“There is a dire humanitarian crisis occurring in Gaza that must be addressed, and I am personally grief-stricken by the suffering and loss of innocent lives occurring on both sides of this conflict,” George Washington University President Ellen Granberg wrote in a statement on Sunday.

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“However, what is currently happening at GW is not a peaceful protest protected by the First Amendment or our university’s policies,” she said. “The demonstration, like many around the country, has grown into what can only be classified as an illegal and potentially dangerous occupation of GW property.”

But there’s disagreement over when protestors overstep their rights.

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The American Civil Liberties Union of Indiana filed a lawsuit against Indiana University this month, accusing the college of violating the First Amendment rights of three plaintiffs facing a 1-year ban from campus for their participation in the political protests, including a tenured professor.

A spokesperson from Indiana University says it does not comment on pending litigation.

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Federal loan bills could come earlier

Suspended or expelled students may also get their federal student loan bills sooner than they expected, Kantrowitz said.

“Generally, if a student drops below half-time enrollment for at least six months, their student loans will enter repayment,” he said.

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Those who can’t make their payments have the option of putting their loans into deferment or forbearance, he added. However, pausing loan payments can cause interest to accrue and borrowers’ balances to grow.

If a suspension ends and a student returns to college before the six months, their grace period should reset, Kantrowitz said.

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The U.S. Department of Education did not immediately respond to a request for comment on how it was notifying student protestors of any financial impacts, including the possibility of an early start to their loan payments.

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It’s possible that a suspension or expulsion will be marked on a student’s transcript, which could make it harder for them to transfer to other colleges, get into a graduate school and land jobs, Kantrowitz said.

However, this particular disciplinary action might not be looked at the same way as other academic or conduct charges, Stolar said.

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“We’re talking about people involved in protest activity, which is very different than something on your permanent record saying that you cheated on an exam or assaulted another student,” he said.

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